Hand Off

Inhale! Exhale!—Respiration is a basic physiological process that functions involuntarily but can also be controlled. We take a deep breath when we want to say something or when we brace ourselves for a difficult task. “Fresh air” is also a symbol of freedom: metaphorically it may refer to a place or a situation in which it is possible to breathe freely.

The third edition of OFF-Biennale Budapest, INHALE! takes the seminal political poem, “A Breath of Air!” by 20th-century Hungarian poet Attila József as its point of departure. The poem was written in 1935, a time when the social catastrophe of the Great Depression rearranged the political map of Europe, and Fascism overruled half of the continent. After the crisis of 2008, the political climate has, again, moved into a more xenophobic, fascistoid direction in Hungary, as well as in other countries of the world. And it is not only the political climate that has changed: the climate of the Earth itself also underwent dramatic changes due to human activities. Thus, in our 21st-century reading of the poem, a “breath of air” simultaneously refers to the galloping climate crisis and the fundamental freedoms threatened by populistic regimes and by theglobal capital.

Eye Off Eye Off

What does contemporary art have to say when scientific facts are taken over by conspiracy theories, myths replace history, and creativity itself has also become subject to co-option? The presented projects not only point to problems: going beyond criticism, they deliver utopistic, playful, or very tangible suggestions and alternatives. Thus, INHALE! is neither a desperate call for help, nor a demand only, but rather an imperative pertaining to all of us. It is a direct reference to how we must take a deep breath and take action for clean air, for the protection of our freedom, for the liberation of our imagination—to create and preserve conditions and places for breathing freely.